Patterns of Hyperglycemia in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus With or Without Hypertension, Requiring Emergency Care and Hospitalization

Kameel Mungrue, Isha Andrea Honore

Abstract


Background: Hyperglycemia is treatable and preventative cause of both microvascular and macrovascular complications in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Hyperglycemia is unequivocally associated with poor outcomes especially in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study therefore is to measure the occurrence of hyperglycemic events particularly in patients with T2DM requiring acute care and subsequent hospitalization with or without hypertension and describe the epidemiological features.

Methods: An incident case study design was used, i.e. adult patients (greater-than or equal to 18 years) with hyperglycemia presenting to the accident and emergency department (AED) of a tertiary teaching hospital from 2011 to 2013 were recruited for the study.

Results: Overall, 350 participants satisfied the criteria for entry into the study. All 350 patients were available for analysis. The pattern of hyperglycemia was predominantly among women, younger rather than older adults, and was a significant association with duration of diabetes and also a significant temporal association.

Conclusions: The patterns shown in the research indicated that hyperglycemia is a concern particularly for the over 40 years old East Indian cohort of the population and as a result programs and initiatives should be directed to this group in order to make a meaningful impact as we seek to reduce the burdens associated with this condition.




J Endocrinol Metab. 2015;5(5):291-298
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jem313w

 


Keywords


Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Hyperglycemia; Seasonal variation; Gender disparity

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2861 (print), 1923-287X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jofem.org   editorial contact: editor@jofem.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.