Inaccuracies of Hemoglobin A1c in Liver Cirrhosis: A Case Report

Mathew Clarke, Jamila Benmoussa, Amulya Penmetsa, Philip Otterbeck, Farhang Ebrahimi, Jay Nfonoyim

Abstract


Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is the gold standard for the measurement of long-range glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). In a rare subset of patients, this measurement may not be reliable. Inaccuracies of HbA1c in liver cirrhosis are rare, but documented. The objective of this study was to increase awareness about low HbA1c in liver cirrhosis and discuss alternative biomarkers that can be used to measure glycemic control. We present the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian female, with history of hepatitis C and uncontrolled T2DM, who was admitted for evaluation of compensated liver cirrhosis. She was found to have blood glucoses greater than 500 mg/dL; however, her HbA1c was measured at 5.5%. Ultrasound of the abdomen showed liver cirrhosis, ascites, and splenomegaly. Blood work revealed acute kidney injury, anemia of chronic disease, normal albumin level, and low HbA1c. Fructosamine and glycated albumin were high, indicating a hyperglycemic status during the last 3 weeks. HbA1c can be falsely low in liver cirrhosis, and can give a false assumption about control of the diabetic disease process. In this case, other biomarkers can be used to monitor glycemic control; by far frequent finger stick monitoring is the best method.




J Endocrinol Metab. 2016;6(1):30-32
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jem326w

Keywords


Low HbA1c; Glucose monitoring; Liver cirrhosis; Fructosamine; Glycated albumin

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, bimonthly, ISSN 1923-2861 (print), 1923-287X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jofem.org   editorial contact: editor@jofem.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.