Therapeutic Methods Against Insulin Resistance

Hernando Rafael

Abstract


Clinical, neurosurgical and autopsy findings show that type 2 diabetes mellitus is caused by progressive ischemia in the anterior hypothalamus and endocrine pancreas due to atherosclerosis, and associated with insulin resistance. The hypothalamic ischemia provokes neuroendocrinological disorders through descending projections, and the pancreatic ischemia causes an inappropriate insulin secretion. Both ischemic structures can be improved by means of omental implantation (omental transplantation or transposition) or with anti-inflammatory drugs. Likewise, experimental and clinical observations suggest that insulin resistance is caused by inflammatory action of tumor necrosis factor alpha and resistin in the insulin receptor. Because, in contrast to this, high-dose aspirin or resveratrol can reduce hyperglycemia to normal or near normal in diabetic patients. That is, both drugs are almost specific for the treatment of insulin resistance. Finally, the use of clonazepam at night can have a beneficial effect on glucose homeostasis, because it can reduce the effects of stressful stimuli and normalize the sleep disorders or loss.




J Endocrinol Metab. 2016;6(1):1-11
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jem333e

Keywords


Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Hypothalamic ischemia; Insulin receptor; Insulin resistance; Aspirin; Resveratrol

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