Peri-Operative Management of the Surgical Patient With Diabetes: A Guideline Summary

Leigh White

Abstract


Background: Diabetes significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with surgery. These guidelines target anesthetists, providing guidelines for management of the diabetic patients in the pre-operative, peri-operative and post-operative periods.

Methods: The following paper summarizes the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland clinical guidelines on peri-operative management of the surgical patients with diabetes 2015.

Results: It is recommended that where possible all diabetic patients achieve an HbA1c less than 69 mmol/mol (8.5%) prior to surgery. On the day of surgery, fasting periods should be limited to one meal and if this is not possible, a variable-rate intravenous insulin infusion should be started. Intra-operatively blood glucose should remain between 6 and 10 mmol/L. Post-operatively, the key to resuming normal diabetic management is through returning to an normal diet as soon as possible.

Conclusions: The aim of management of a diabetic patient during the operative period is to maintain normal blood glucose levels (6 - 10 mmol/L). This is achieved through careful pre-operative planning, appropriate management of blood glucose levels and fluid balance intra-operatively and a smooth transition to resume the patients normal diabetic management.




J Endocrinol Metab. 2016;6(3):97-99
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jem350w


Keywords


Diabetes; Peri-operative; Anesthesia

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